Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Baal בעל
(5,067 words)

I. Name

The name baʿal is a common Semitic noun meaning ‘lord, owner’. Applied to a god it occurs about 90 times in the OT. The LXX transcribes Βααλ, Vulgate Baal, plural Βααλιμ and Baalim. Though normally an appellative, the name is used in Ugaritic religion as the proper name of a deity. Also in the Bible, the noun occurs as the name of a specific Canaanite god.

II. Identity

According to Pettinato the noun baʿal was originally used as a divine name. It is attested as such already in third millennium texts. The mention of d…

Cite this page
W. Herrmann, “Baal בעל”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Baal>

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