Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Baal Zebub בעל זבוב
(1,193 words)

I. Name

The name Baal Zebub occurs only four times in the OT (2 Kgs. 1.2, 2 Kgs. 3, 2 Kgs. 6, 2 Kgs. 16). In 2 Kgs. 1 an accident of Ahaziah, the king of Israel, and his consulting the oracle of the god Baal Zebub of Ekron is described. For etymological reasons, Baal Zebub must be considered a Semitic god; he is taken over by the Philistine Ekronites and incorporated into their local cult. Zebub is the collective noun for ‘flies’, also attested in Ugaritic (W. H. van Soldt, UF 21 [1989] 369–373: dbb), Akkadian (zubbu), post-biblical Hebrew, Jewish…

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W. Herrmann, “Baal Zebub בעל זבוב”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Baalzebub>

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