Baʿalat, ‘mistress’, ‘lady’, ‘sovereign’ (Heb. baʿălāt; Phoen./Ug. bʿlt; Akk. bēltu), is attested as both a divine name and an epithet in the ancient Near East from the middle third millennium bce. Though the term is attested in the MT as a place name (Josh. 19.44; 1 Kgs. 9.18; 2 Chr. 8.6), it does not occur in the biblical text as the designation of a divinity.
In Akkadian, the epithet is applied to a number of goddesses, most often associated with fertility and birth, as dbēlit ilı̄. In addi…