Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Cherubim כרובים
(1,764 words)

I. Name

The term ‘cherubim’ occurs 91 times in the Hebrew Bible. It denotes the Israelite counterpart of the sphinx known from the pictorial art of the ancient Near East. In the Bible the cherubim occur essentially in two functions: as guardians of a sacred tree or as guardians and carriers of a throne.

There is no consensus on the etymology of the term. While there are difficulties connected with the various suggestions that have been made (survey in Freedman & O’Connor 1983) the most probable is that the Heb. ter…

Cite this page
T. N. D. Mettinger, “Cherubim כרובים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 09 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Cherubim>

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