Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Earth ארץ
(1,216 words)

I. Name

Earth (ארץ) is one of the most common words in the OT with more than 2500 occurrences. The word—and its etymological cognates—is widely attested in other Semitic languages, e. g. arṣ in Ugaritic and Phoenician, ʾr in Arabic, ʾrq or ʾrʿ in Aramaic and erṣetu in Akkadian. The Sumerian equivalent is ki or uraš; a corresponding Hittite word can be seen in daganzipa, while in Greek we find γή or γαῖα.

II. Identity

As is also the case with Heaven, references to Earth as a separate goddess receiving an e…

Cite this page
M. Hutter, “Earth ארץ”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 02 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Earth>

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