Euphrates פרת
(1,572 words)

I. Name

The MT refers to the Euphrates as Pĕrāt, ‘Euphrates’, nĕhar Pĕrāt, ‘River Euphrates’, and as (han)nāhār, ‘(the) River’. The designation hannāhār haggādôl, ‘the Great River’, was applied to the Euphrates (Gen. 15.18; Deut. 1.7; Josh. 1.4) as well as to the Tigris (Dan. 10.4). The two streams appear as a pair in the dual nah!rayim, ‘the two rivers’, confined to the expression ʾăram nahărayim, ‘(Western) Mesopotamia’.

Hebr Pĕrāt (and its Qumran variant Purat, פורת, 1QapGen. xxi…

Cite this page
K. van der Toorn, “Euphrates פרת”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <>

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