Eve חוה
(1,026 words)

I. Name

Eve is mentioned by name four times in the Bible, twice in Genesis and twice in NT. It is after the ‘fall’ narrated in Gen. 3.1–19 that the Man (hāʾādām) names his wife Ḥawwâ (‘Eve’, LXX Zoē); because ‘she was the mother of all living things’ (kî hı̄ʾ hāyĕtâ ʾēm kol-ḥay). The tradition understands a significant link between name and function, suggesting that ḥawwâ is to be related etymologically to ḥayâ, ‘live’ (old ḥayin waw for later ḥayin yodh). Cf. Ugaritic ḥyy/ḥwy (UT §19. …

Cite this page
N. Wyatt, “Eve חוה”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Eve>

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