Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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God (I) אלהים
(8,580 words)

I. Name

The usual word for ‘god’ in the Hebrew Bible is ʾĕlōhîm, a plural formation of ʾĕlōah, the latter being an expanded form of the Common Semitic noun ʾil (Eloah). The term ʾĕlōhîm occurs some 2570 times in the Hebrew Bible, with a variety of meanings. In such expressions as “all the gods of Egypt” (Exod. 12.12) it refers to a plurality of deities—without there being a clear distinction between these gods and their images. Far more frequent is the use of the plural with reference to a single being: Chemosh

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K. van der Toorn, “God (I) אלהים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 21 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Godi>

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