Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Hades Ἅιδης
(486 words)

I. Name

Hades is the Greek name for the underworld and its ruler, as is the case in the Bible. The spelling of the name sometimes varies (Aides/Hades, Aidoneus) and the etymology is debated. The most recent analysis sees a link with the root *a-wid-, ‘invisible’ (Ruijgh 1991:575–576, but see also Burkert 1985:196). Most likely, Hades first denoted a place name and was only later personified. Only the personification will be discussed here. Hades occurs 111 times in the LXX, most often as equivalent of Heb. šĕʾôl…

Cite this page
J. N. Bremmer, “Hades Ἅιδης”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Hades>

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