Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Heaven-and-Earth שׁמים וארץ
(662 words)

I. Name

In accordance with Mesopotamian, Anatolian and North Syrian evidence we find the word-pair ‘heaven and earth’ also in the OT scriptures, mainly in deuteronomistic and prophetic texts, where the cosmos is called upon as a witness. Besides these occurrences we find heaven and earth in parallelism to describe the whole cosmos.

II. Identity

Outside the Biblical world the pair heaven-and-earth has different degrees of divinity. First of all we can find certain gods who bear epithets (AkkGE. 54.64.81–82.1…

Cite this page
M. Hutter, “Heaven-and-Earth שׁמים וארץ”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 24 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Heaven_and_Earth>

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