Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Heracles Ἡρακλῆς
(1,866 words)

I. Name

Heracles was undoubtedly the most popular mythical hero of ancient Greek mythology; he was also one of the most complex. Etymologically the name derives from Ἥρα (Hera) and κλέος (fame). Though he is explicitly mentioned only in 2 Macc. 2.19–20, there is evidence to suggest that Heracles traditions were incorporated into the cycle of Samson legends found in the Old Testament and in certain aspects of the depiction of Jesus in the Christology of Hebrews.

II. Identity

Ancient mythographers divided t…

Cite this page
D. E. Aune, “Heracles Ἡρακλῆς”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Heracles>

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