Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Holy Spirit πνεῦμα ἅγιον
(4,290 words)

I. Name

The expression ‘holy spirit’ occurs only three times in the OT (Ps. 51.13; Isa. 63.10, Isa. 11) but is part of a large semantic field in which rûaḥ, referring to some form of divine action, is the central component (about 250 times in the OT). In the NT the expression occurs 84 times whereas pneuma, referring to the divine spirit (with or without attributes), occurs about 350 times. Within the Bible neither rûaḥ nor pneuma are used as a divine name. They are not worshipped as divine beings. Th…

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J. Reiling, “Holy Spirit πνεῦμα ἅγιον”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Holyspirit>

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