The Elamite god Humban (Ḫumban, var. Umban) was the head of the pantheon of the Awan dynasty (ca. 2200 bce). In the subsequent period his political importance diminished as a result of the rise of other deities, but he remained an important deity into the Achaemenid period. Jensen 1892:58 urged that the name Haman (Est. 3.1), the son of Hammedatha (Haoma) and adversary of Esther and Mordechai (Marduk), goes back to the theonym Ḫumban. This theory is to be rejected on phonological grounds.