Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Hymenaios Ὑμέναιος
(600 words)

I. Name

Hymenaios is the name of the Greek god of the wedding. The name is derived from the Greek word for wedding song, hymenaios, which in turn derives from a ritual cry during the wedding procession, hymen o hymenaiʾ o. Its etymology is obscure (Chantraine 1980). As a theophoric name, it occurs twice in the NT (1 Tim. 1.20; 2 Tim. 2.17).

II. Identity

Hymenaios is a relatively late creation. As a personification of the wedding song he occurs first in Pindar (fr. 128c Maehler) and Euripides (Troades 310, 314 etc.; s…

Cite this page
J. N. Bremmer, “Hymenaios Ὑμέναιος”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 28 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Hymenaios>

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