Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Jordan Ἰορδάνης
(996 words)

I. Name

The name of the river of Jordan, (hay)yardēn, occurs 177 times in the OT. In the NT Ἰορδάνης is attested 15 times. The etymology of the name is debated. A derivation from the root yrd, ‘to descend’, implying an interpretation ‘the river that comes down’ (e.g. Philo, Leg. All. II:89; bBech 55a; BDB 432–434) probably rests on popular etymology. Generally, the name is interpreted as non-Semitic in origin. One proposal connects the element dan with Indo-Iranian don, ‘river’ (cf. e.g. Danube; Djnep…

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B. Becking, “Jordan Ἰορδάνης”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Jordan>

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