Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Kaiwan כיון
(572 words)

I. Name

Kaiwan occurs under the form Kiyyûn in Amos 5.26, after Sikkût (Sakkuth). The Masoretic vocalisation is that for idols Abominations. The real pronunciation must have been Kaiwān, cf. Syr. Keywân (and variants), the name of the planet Saturn. Both go back to the Babylonian name for Saturn, Kajjamānu, “The Steady One”. The Hebrew text used by LXX was already corrupted in having an initial r instead of k resulting in Rayphan (and variants); in Acts 7.43 Rompha. CD VII 15 mistook the name as a word…

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M. Stol, “Kaiwan כיון”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Kaiwan>

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