Khvarenah
(1,524 words)

I. Name

The Iranian divinity Khvarenah (Avestan Xvarenah), Glory, is once found in the Bible as an element of a personal name. In Num. 34.25 mention is made of Parnāk (LXX Pharnach), which resembles Old Iranian *farnāka, comparable to other hypocoristic theophoric names attested in the Persepolis Fortification Texts, such as *Mazdāka, *Mithraka and *Bagaka. This resemblance can only be a coincidence in the context of Moses, but the adversary of Judith in the book named after her is called by the truly Iranian name Holophernē…

Cite this page
A. F. de Jong, “Khvarenah”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Khvarenah>



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