Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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(1,524 words)

I. Name

The Iranian divinity Khvarenah (Avestan Xvarenah), Glory, is once found in the Bible as an element of a personal name. In Num. 34.25 mention is made of Parnāk (LXX Pharnach), which resembles Old Iranian *farnāka, comparable to other hypocoristic theophoric names attested in the Persepolis Fortification Texts, such as *Mazdāka, *Mithraka and *Bagaka. This resemblance can only be a coincidence in the context of Moses, but the adversary of Judith in the book named after her is called by the truly Iranian name Holophernēs, prob…

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A. F. de Jong, “Khvarenah”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Khvarenah>

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