Lilith לילית
(1,013 words)

I. Name

The Heb. term lîlît as a demon in Isa. 34.14 is connected by popular etymology with the word laylâ ‘night’. But it is certainly to be considered a loan from Akk. lilı̄tu, which is ultimately derived from Sum. líl.

II. Identity

The Mesopotamian evidence for this demon reaches back to the 3rd millennium bce as we can see from the Sumerian epic ‘Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld’. Here we find Inanna (Ishtar) who plants a tree later hoping to cut from its wood a throne and a bed for …

Cite this page
M. Hutter, “Lilith לילית”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 15 January 2019 <>

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