Magog (māgôg) is known from the Bible only (Gen. 10.2; Ezek. 38–39; 1 Chr. 1.5). Together with Gog, Magog came to be used in traditions harking back to Ezek. 38–39 as a symbol of the superhuman adversaries of God and his people at the end of time.
The etymology of Magog is uncertain. The word is almost certainly related to, and maybe derived from, Gog. The ma at the beginning of the word may be understood as representing the Assyrian determinative mat (status constructus of matu, ‘country…