Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Melqart מלך צר
(1,546 words)

I. Name

The meaning of the name Melqart is generally acknowledged to be ‘King of the City’. Since Melqart appears as the city god of 1st millennium bce Tyre, the ‘City’, qrt, in question is mostly identified as a designation of Tyre. However, in view of the chtonic character of Melqart (the deity is equated with Nergal, cf. RAAM 194–195), the ‘City’ could also be interpreted as a euphemism of the underworld, called “the great city”, iri.gal, Akk. Irkallu, in the Mesopotamian tradition.

Melqart is usually identif…

Cite this page
S. Ribichini, “Melqart מלך צר”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 02 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Melqart>

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