Mountains-and-Valleys והעמקים ההרים
(651 words)

I. Name

Broken up, the word pair ‘mountains and valleys’ occurs in Mic. 1.4 in the context of a theophany: “and the mountains will melt under him, and the valleys will be cleft”. Until recently, the pair was thought to reflect the Ugaritic binominal deity *Mountains-and-Valleys (*ǵrm wʿmqt, *dḫur.sag.-mešu a-mu-tu[m]).

II. Identity

The alleged Ugaritic divine pair *Mountains-and-Valleys, frequently compared with a similar pair Heaven-and-Earth (arṣ wšmm, didimidim, šamû-erṣetum; s…

Cite this page
D. Pardee and P. Xella, “Mountains-and-Valleys והעמקים ההרים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <>

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