Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Oil יצהר
(492 words)

I. Name

The term yiṣhar describes the quality of oil as ‘shining’, and denotes oil freshly-pressed. This term for oil is used almost exclusively in OT in variations of the formula ‘corn, new wine and oil’ 22 times, sometimes within a longer list of commodities. The usage is always distinctive, falling into the following categories: i) as tithe, to be eaten by faithful at central shrine (Deut. 12.17) or by priests alone (Num. 18.12); ii) as sign of original blessings of election (Hos. 2.8; Joel 1.10) or restoration (Hos. 2.22; Joel 2.19 etc…

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N. Wyatt, “Oil יצהר”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 24 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Oil>

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