Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Poseidon Ποσειδῶν
(2,429 words)

I. Name

Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea, occurs in the Bible only in the Apocrypha, as a theophoric name (Poseidonios: 2 Macc. 14.19). Numerous dialectal forms occur in inscriptions, the main division being between the ποσ- and ποτ-(western dialects, Corinth, Crete, Rhodes) forms. The dominant form occurs in a number of Linear B tablets from Pylos and once at Knossos (nom. po-se-da-o, also po-si-). But the ‘original’ form was probably *Ποτ(σ)ειδάηων. No etymology so far proposed (a selection in Burkert 198…

Cite this page
R. L. Gordon, “Poseidon Ποσειδῶν”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Poseidon>

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