Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Queen of Heaven מלכת השׁמים
(1,588 words)

I. Name

As a designation of a goddess, *malkat haššāmayim occurs in Jer. 7.18; Jer. 44.17–19, Jer. 25 as well as in Hermopolis Letter 4.1 from South Egypt (5th century bce; Bresciani & Kamil 1966). In the MT mlkt (a number of MSS have mlkʾt) hšmym has been vocalized as mĕleket (= mĕleʾket) haššāmayim, “the work of heaven” which, as appears from a comparison of Gen. 2.1 with Gen. 2.2, apparently has to be interpreted as ṣĕbaʾ haššāmayim, “the host of heaven” (cf. LXX Jer. 7.18, hē stratiā tou oura…

Cite this page
C. Houtman, “Queen of Heaven מלכת השׁמים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Queenofheaven>

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