Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Sabbath Σάββατον
(803 words)

I. Name

A deity called Sabbath does not occur in the Bible. For the first time it seems to be found in Valentinian ‘mythology’. It is quite probable that the creation of a deity with this name was based on the interpretation of a NT passage (Luke 6.5).

II. Identity

Tertullian (Adv.Val. 20:1–2) describes the Valentinian view of creation: the Demiurge made this world and its hemisphere, then “completed the sevenfold stage of heavens, with his throne above it. That is why he is called Sabbatum, because of the hebdomad of his residence”. I…

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T. Baarda, “Sabbath Σάββατον”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 30 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Sabbath>

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