Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Sanctuary היכל
(689 words)

I. Name

The Heb. word hêkāl occurs 78 times in the Old Testament and designates a palace or temple. The word is common in West-Semitic languages (HALAT 234–35 s.v. היכל; Hoftijzer-Jongeling, DNWSI 278 s.v. hykl) and derives from Sum. é-gal, literally ‘big house’, the residence of a divine or worldly ruler. It is well known from Egyptian and Mesopotamian sources that temples were ascribed numinous qualities. Jalabert & Mouterde 1939 suggested that in Syria during the Roman period the deified temp…

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F. van Koppen and K. van der Toorn, “Sanctuary היכל”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 05 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Sanctuary>

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