Shadday שׁדי
(2,329 words)

I. Name

Shadday is an abbreviation for ʾēl šad(d)ay, “God of the Wilderness”. The name occurs 48 times in the OT; the occurrence in Job 19.29 is disputed. The longer form is attested 7 times: Gen. 17.1; Gen. 28.3; Gen. 35.11; Gen. 43.14; Gen. 48.3; Exod. 6.3; Ezek. 10.5; šadday on its own occurs 41 times: Gen. 49.25; Num. 24.4, Num. 16; Ruth 1.20, Ruth 21; Isa. 13.6; Ezek. 1.24; Ps. 68.15; Ps. 91.1 and 31 times in Job. The deity is attested as a theophoric element in Egyptian, Ugaritic, Phoe…

Cite this page
E. A. Knauf, “Shadday שׁדי”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <>

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