Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Shield of Abraham מגן אברהם
(1,019 words)

I. Name

The phrase māgēn ʾabrāhām, ‘Shield of Abraham’, occurs only in Sir. 51.12 [in the Hebrew text, not in LXX], the final song of thanksgiving in the context of a liturgical antiphony (cf. Ps. 136). Alt (1929) and Leslie (1936) assumed that māgēn ʾabrāhām was a special name of the god of Abraham, because God is described as presenting himself as “a shield for you” (ʾānōkî māgēn lāk, “I am a shield for you”, Gen. 15.1). The suggestion cannot be properly understood outside the context of Alt’s hypothesis concerning th…

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M. Köckert, “Shield of Abraham מגן אברהם”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 01 April 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Shieldofabraham>

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