Shining One(s) שׂרים
(457 words)

I. Name

The noun śārı̄m in Ps. 82.7, traditionally rendered as ‘princes’ or the like, has been construed as the designation of divine beings: ‘Shining Ones’ (Mullen 1980:227–245) or ‘Shining One’ (Page 1996:162–164). Page (1996:162) interprets the final mēm as having emphatic force and derives the meaning from Proto-Semitic Śrr, ‘to shine’. Ps. 82.6–7 would contain allusions to a Canaanite Myth of Cosmic Rebellion.

II. Identity

A myth of Cosmic Rebellion as such is not known from anci…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Shining One(s) שׂרים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <>

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