Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Teraphim תרפים
(4,271 words)

I. Name

The word tĕrāpîm is found 15 times in the Hebrew Bible, occurring only in the plural even when it denotes one image (1 Sam. 19.13, 1 Sam. 16; cf. A. R. Johnson, The Cultic Prophet in Ancient Israel [Cardiff 1962] 32 n. 3, who suggests that some forms of the plural may be occurrences of the singular with mimation). For the most part the Septuagint translators chose to simply transliterate the term, yet on occasion they associated it with idols (eidōlon;Gillulim) or a carved image (glyptos). There is even …

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T. J. Lewis, “Teraphim תרפים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 02 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Teraphim>

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