Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Terror of the Night פחד לילה
(1,878 words)

I. Name

Paḥad laylâ is hap.leg. in the OT, in Ps. 91.5, where it appears in close conjunction with several terms referring to various demons (see below). Another combination of the word paḥad, lit. ‘terror, dread’, and laylâ, lit. ‘night’, occurs in Cant. 3.8 where it also refers to a certain type of demon (see already the Targumîm and Krauss [1936] for references to other rabbinical sources). See also Deut. 28.66.

The understanding of paḥad in Ps. 91.5 as ‘terror’ is not the only one. M. Dahood has suggested …

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M. Malul, “Terror of the Night פחד לילה”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Terrorofthenight>

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