Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access

(572 words)

I. Name

The name of the Jebusite Araunah, Heb. ʾărawnāʾ (2 Sam. 24.16, 2 Sam. 20–24; 1 Chr. 21.15, 1 Chr. 18; 2 Chr. 3.1), has etymologically been related to the Indian deity Varuṇa. In doing so, Araunah has been related to an alleged Aryan upper class in the ancient Near East (F. Hommel 1904:1011; H. Hommel 1929:117).

II. Identity

In the Vedas of ancient India Varuṇa played an important role. He often appears together with Mitra (Mithras), both having an ethical character as guarantors of Ṛta. Varuṇ…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Varuna”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 24 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Varuna>

▲   Back to top   ▲