Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Yahweh Zebaoth יהוה צבאות
(3,470 words)

I. Name

“Yahweh Zebaoth” occurs 284 times as a divine name in the Heb. Bible; 121 of these occurrences can be characterized as free, non-formulaic usage. This expression had a prominent function as a cultic name of Yahweh in Shiloh and Jerusalem. Serving as an important divine epithet in the Zion-Zebaoth theology of the Jerusalemite temple, it is attested from the premonarchic period to postexilic times. The Zebaoth designation is an import…

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T. N. D. Mettinger, “Yahweh Zebaoth יהוה צבאות”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Yahwehzebaoth>

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