Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

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(5,310 words)

1. Survey of the Order's History

The foundation of the secret society of the Illuminaten is related to the conflict between the Catholic Counter-Reformation and the Enlightenment in Bavaria. Although the suppression of the Jesuit order in 1773 had destroyed the external organisation of the Society of Jesus, the advocates of Enlightenment, above all Adam von Ickstatt (1706-1776), rector of Ingolstadt…

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Neugebauer-Wölk, Monika, “Illuminaten”, in: Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism. Consulted online on 29 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1873-8338_dgwe_DGWE_175>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004141872, 20061031

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