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ĀDĀB AL-ḤARB WA'L-ŠAJĀʿA
(366 words)

(“The correct usages of war and bravery”), a treatise in a straightforward Persian prose style in the “Mirror for Princes” genre, written by Faḵr-al-dīn Moḥammad b. Manṣūr Mobārakšāh, called Faḵr-e Modabber.

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Volume I, Fascicle 4, pp. 445

ĀDĀB AL-ḤARB WA’L-ŠAJĀʿA (“The correct usages of war and bravery”), a treatise in a straightforward Persian prose style in the “Mirror for Princes” genre, written by Faḵr-al-dīn Moḥammad b. Manṣūr Mobārakšāh, called Faḵr-e Modabber. He flourished in the late 6th/12th and early 7th/13th century, dying in the reign of the Slave King of Delhi Šams-al-dīn Iltutmuš (607-33/1210-36). The above title is that of the British Museum and Royal Asiatic Society, Bengal manuscripts, which contain thirty-six chapters; the India office Persian ms. 647 (Ethé, Cat. Ind. Off., no. 2767) is called Adab al-molūk wa kefāyat al-mamlūk and contains forty chapters; this last represents a fuller version, and it is regrettable that Aḥmad Sohaylī Ḵᵛānsārī, in his printed text (Tehran, 1346 Š./1967) has not used the India Office ms. These chapters were, however, published by Moḥammad Sarvar Molāʾī as Āʾin-e kešvardārī: šaš bāb-e bāzyāfta az Ādāb al-ḥarb w'al-Šajāʿa (Tehran, 1354/1975).

The Ādāb al-ḥarb is dedicated to Sultan Iltutmuš and seems to have been written in Muslim India, probably in Lahore or Delhi. It is a treatise on statecraft and kingship and also, in a somewhat theoretical and idealized manner, on the art of war. The early chapters deal with such topics as the royal virtues and the choice of trustworthy ministers; the main part of the book then deals with such military topics as choosing horses and weapons, deployment of forces, and tactics on the battlefield. The theoretical military counsels are richly interspersed with anecdotes of considerable historical value. The anecdotes concerning the Ghaznavids have been translated into English by Miss I. M. Shafi (“Fresh Light on the Ghaznavids,” IC 12, 1938, pp. 189-234); they contain important information on this dynasty not found elsewhere.

Bibliography

Rieu, Pers. Man. II, pp. 487b-88.

Storey, I/2, pp. 1164-65.

C. E. Bosworth, “Early Sources on the First Four Ghaznavid Sultans,” Islamic Quarterly 7, 1963, p. 16.

Idem, Ghaznavids, pp. 20-21.

Cite this page
C. Edmund Bosworth, “ĀDĀB AL-ḤARB WA'L-ŠAJĀʿA”, in: Encyclopaedia Iranica Online, © Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2330-4804_EIRO_COM_4750>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 19831215



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