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b. Neẓām al-Molk (1043-1106/7), eldest son of the great Saljuq vizier and himself vizier to the Saljuq sultans Barkīāroq (1092-1105) and Moḥammad b. Malekšāh (1105-18).

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Volume IX, Fascicle 2, pp. 164-165

FAḴR-AL-MOLK b. Neẓām al-Molk, ABU’L-FATḤ MOẒAFFAR (b. 434/1043; d. 500/1106-7), eldest son of the great Saljuq vizier and himself vizier to the Saljuq sultans Barkīāroq (q.v.; 485-98/1092-1105) and Moḥammad b. Malekšāh (498-511/1105-18).

He seems to have had no qualifications for office beyond the distinguished name of his father. In 488/1095, after a brief period in the service of Tutuš b. Alp Arslān in Syria, he offered Bārkīāroq money and rich gifts to dismiss his much more capable brother Moʾayyed-al-Molk and appoint him in his stead; nevertheless, for the period of his vizierate, which lasted until 492/1099, he was substantially the puppet of the influential financial supervisor (mostawfī) Majd-al-Molk Balāsānī (q.v.), whereas Moʾayyed-al-Molk was driven to espouse the cause of Bārkīāroq’s brother and rival Moḥammad. Faḵr-al-Molk’s appointment marked the beginning of a sharp decline in the influence of viziers and in the sultans’ ability to choose their own officials; this power now fell more into the hands of the great amirs. In 494/1101 Faḵr-al-Molk became vizier to Sanjar b. Malekšāh in Khorasan, who was functioning as subordinate to his two brothers in the west, Barkīāroq and Moḥammad. He was assassinated, allegedly by an Ismaʿili, in 500/1106-7 and was succeeded as vizier by his son Ṣadr-al-Dīn Abū Jaʿfar 500-511/1106-17.



(for cited works not given in detail, see “Short References”):

Sayf-al-Dīn ʿAqīlī, Āṯār al-wozarāʾ, ed. M. J. Ḥ. Ormavī Moḥaddeṯ, Tehran 1337 Š./1958, pp. 214, 218-19.

Fatḥ b. ʿAlī Bondārī, Zobdat al-noṣra wa noḵbat al-ʿosra, ed. in Houtsma, Receuil II, p. 86.

C. E. Bosworth, “The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000-1217),” in Camb. Hist. Iran V, pp. 1-202 (esp. p. 105).

Ebn al-Aṯīr, X, pp. 233, 245, 252-53, 262-63, 418-19.

ʿA. Eqbāl, Wezārat dar ʿahd-e salāṭīn-e bozorg-e saljūqī, Tehran 1338 Š./1959, pp. 110, 202-21.

C. L. Klausner, The Seljuk Vezirate: A Study of Civil Administration 1055-1194, Cambridge, Mass., 1973, pp. 47, 76-77, 87, 106-7.

A. K. S. Lambton, “The Internal Structure of the Saljuq Empire,” in Camb. Hist. Iran V, pp. 203-82 (esp. pp. 252, 260, 265, 267).

Moḥammad b. ʿAlī Rāvandī, Rāḥat al-ṣodūrwa āyat al-sorūr dar tārīḵ āl-e Saljūq, ed. M. ʿEqbāl, Leiden and London, 1921; repr. Tehran, 1364 Š./1985, pp. 139, 143.

M. Sanaullah, The Decline of the Saljūqid Empire, Calcutta, 1938, pp. 42, 62-63, 92, 98.

Cite this page
C. Edmund Bosworth, “FAḴR-AL-MOLK, ABU'L-FATḤ MOẒAFFAR”, in: Encyclopaedia Iranica Online, © Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Consulted online on 22 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2330-4804_EIRO_COM_9440>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 19991215

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