(5,379 words)

(Arabic: ukhuwwa, Persian: barādarī), a widespread concept in Islam used initially with reference to blood brothers, which later acquired broader subsidiary implications in Islamic cultures.

From a sociological point of view, both the lifestyle of pre-Islamic Arabs and the severe scarcity of the means of livelihood in the Arab peninsula served to b…

Cite this page
Mehrvash, Farhang, Negahban, Farzin and Sajjadi, Sadeq, “Brotherhood”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 22 October 2018 <>

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