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Abdāl Chishtī
(652 words)

Abdāl Chishtī, Khwāja Abū Aḥmad (260–355/874–966) was one of the great shaykhs of the Chishtī ṭarīqa (Sufi order) during the 3rd/9th and 4th/10th centuries, and bore the honorific title (laqab) of Qudwat al-Dīn (lit. ‘the exemplar of religion’). He was a Ḥasanī Sayyid, his line stretching back through seven generations to al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī (Chishtī, 58–59; Aḥmad ʿAlī, 87). He became known as Abdāl Chishtī; since, in his ṭarīqa, he was deemed to have attained the spiritual degree of the ‘Substitutes’ (abdāl, q.v.) (Aḥmad ʿAlī, 87), that is, one of the ranks in the spiritual hi…

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La-Shay', Hussein and Translated by Rahim Gholami, “Abdāl Chishtī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 22 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_0072>
First published online: 2015

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