Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(5,391 words)

Abnāʾ, or Banū al-Aḥrār, referring to the Abnāʾ peoples of Fārs, is the name for the descendants of a group of Persians who were sent on a military campaign to invade Yemen in order to assist Sayf b. Dhī Yazan, during the reign of Khusraw Anūshīrawān (r. 531–578/9). These people eventually settled in Yemen on a permanent basis.

Historical Background

Towards the end of Ethiopian rule, the people of Yemen resorted to sporadic resistance in an effort to liberate t…

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Bargnisi, Kazem and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Abnāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 20 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0026>
First published online: 2015

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