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Abū Bakr al-Warrāq
(1,118 words)

Abū Bakr al-Warrāq, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī al-Balkhī, a renowned Persian gnostic (ʿārif) of the 3rd/9th century. He was born in Tirmidh, but lived in Balkh (al-Sulamī, 216; Anṣārī, 261–262; ʿAṭṭār, 2/87). Al-Warrāq's nephew was Abū ʿĪsā Muḥammad b. ʿĪsā al-Tirmidhī (d. 279/892) author of the Musnad, one of the six classical Sunni compendia of ḥadīths (al-ṣiḥāḥ al-sitta) (Anṣārī, 262; Jāmī, 123).

Abū Bakr al-Warrāq was a companion of Aḥmad b. Khiḍrawayh (d. 240/854–855), and benefited greatly from his associati…

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Arya, Gholam-Ali and Translated by John Cooper, “Abū Bakr al-Warrāq”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0048>
First published online: 2015

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