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Abū ʿIkrima
(1,405 words)

Abū ʿIkrima, Ziyād b. Dirham (d. 107/725), was one of the earliest members of the ʿAbbāsid daʿwa, or mission, an important factor in the overthrow of the Umayyad dynasty. The author of Akhbār al-dawla al-ʿAbbāsiyya (p. 191) calls him al-Hamdānī, while al-Ṭabarī (7/49 quoting al-Madāʾinī), says he was one of the clients of the Banū Hamdān. But al-Balādhurī (ed. al-Maḥmūdī, 3/274; ed. al-Dūrī, 3/114), says he was known as a client of the Quraysh. He is also called Abū Muḥammad al-Ṣādiq and Māhān (al-Balādhurī, ed. al-Dūrī, 3/116; al-Ṭabarī, 6/562). In other sources he is given the laqab ‘al-…

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Bahramian, Ali and Translated by Hassan Lahouti, “Abū ʿIkrima”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_0156>
First published online: 2015

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