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Abū Rakwa
(1,103 words)

Abū Rakwa, al-Walīd b. Hishām b. ʿAbd al-Malik (d. 27 Jumādā II 397/20 March 1007), led a rebellion against al-Ḥākim, the Fāṭimid caliph in Egypt. He claimed to be an Umayyad prince and the offspring of ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Dākhil, the first Umayyad ruler of al-Andalus (Ibn Khaldūn, 4(1)/120). Some historians have apparently confirmed this lineage (Ibn al-Qalānisī, 64; Ibn al-Athīr, 9/197; Ibn Taghrībirdī, 4/179, 215).

A short while after the youthful Hishām al-Muʾayyad became Umayyad caliph of al-Andalus in 366/976, he was overthrown by al-Manṣūr Muḥammad b. Ab…

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Department of History and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Abū Rakwa”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_0198>
First published online: 2015

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