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Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb
(2,642 words)

Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb (r. 580–595/1184–1199), son of Yūsuf b. ʿAbd al-Muʾmin, was the third caliph of the Almohads (al-Muwaḥḥidūn). He was born at Marrakesh in 554/1159 or, according to one source, in 555/1160. He became caliph at the age of about twenty-five, after the death of his father Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf (q.v.) at the battle of Santarem (Shantarīn) (Ibn ʿIdhārī, 3/140; Ibn Abī Zarʿ, 216; Ibn Khaldūn, al-ʿIbar, 6(3)/504; ʿInān, 2/141; see also al-Marrākushī, 261, according to which Abū Yūsuf was thirty-two when he became caliph).

Our main source for Abū Yūsuf's reign is Ibn ʿIdhārī, …

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Fatehi-nezhad, Enayatollah, Negahban, Farzin and Translated by Maryam Rezaee, “Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_0236>
First published online: 2015

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