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ʿAdam, a term used in philosophy, theology (kalām) and mysticism to denote ‘non-existence/non-being’, as opposed to wujūd, ‘existence/being’. The concept of non-existence is the simple negation of existence: as al-Suhrawardī puts it (‘al-Mashāriʿ’, 325), ‘non-existence negates existence’ (al-ʿadam yunāfī al-wujūd).

A. Non-existence (ʿadam) in Philosophy

From the point of view…

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Movahhed, Samad and Translated by Keven Brown, “ʿAdam”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0172>
First published online: 2015

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