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Adhān and iqāma
(2,461 words)

Adhān and iqāma, two terms used in Islamic jurisprudence.


A number of specific formulae (adhkār) that are recited to announce the arrival of the time of the canonical prayer (ṣalāt). The Qurʾānic root of the noun adhān in the second form of the verb means ‘to announce’, ‘to make aware of’ (Sūrat al-Tawba, 9:3; as well as its derivative: Sūrat al-Ḥajj, 22:27). The act of making the adhān is known as taʾdhīn. The iqāma is a modified version of the adhān, and it immediately precedes the takbīr, the declaration Allāhu akbar, by which the prayer i…

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Salim, Abdol-Amir and Translated by Suheyl Umar, “Adhān and iqāma”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 26 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0173>
First published online: 2015

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