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Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal
(8,859 words)

Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ḥanbal b. Hilāl al-Shaybānī al-Marwazī (Rabīʿ I or Rabīʿ II 164–12 Rabīʿ I 241/November or December 780–31 January 855), founder of the Ḥanbalī madhhab of Sunni Islam, one of the leaders of the aṣḥāb al-ḥadīth (‘people of traditions’ or traditionalists) and a renowned muḥaddith (traditionist) who acquired great fame because of his opposition to the doctrine of the createdness of the Qurʾān (khalq al-Qurʾān) during the period of the miḥna (literally, ‘ordeal’…

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Ansari, Hassan, Ahmad Pakatchi and Translated by Suheyl Umar, “Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0207>
First published online: 2015

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