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Aḥmad Shāh Durrānī
(3,721 words)

Aḥmad Shāh Durrānī (1134–1186/1722–1772), the founder of the Durrānī state in Afghanistan.

His father, Muḥammad Zamān Khān, who ruled Herat, belonged to the Sadozai (Sadūzāʾī) clan of the Abdālī tribe, and his mother Zarghūna came from the Alikozai/Alkozai (Alikyūzāʾī) tribe (Quddūsī, 2/438; Bellew, 163). In 1133/1721, when Muḥammad Zamān Khān was killed in a tribal dispute, his family was forced to leave Herat (Astarābādī, 7…

Cite this page
Sami`i, Majid and Translated by Suheyl Umar, “Aḥmad Shāh Durrānī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0223>
First published online: 2015

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