Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(7,879 words)

ʿĀʾisha (d. 58/678), one of the most prominent of Muḥammad’s wives and daughter of the first caliph Abū Bakr (q.v.).

Part 1: Biography

Her mother was Umm Rūmān (Ibn Saʿd, 8/276), her given name being either Zaynab or Daʿd (see Ibn Hishām, 3/343; Ibn Ḥajar, 8/128, 161, 391), from the Banū Kināna (Ibn Saʿd, 8/58; Ibn Ḥabīb, al-Muḥabbar, 80; for differences of opinion as to her ancestry, see al-Mizzī, 35/358).

Based on the accounts of ʿĀʾisha’s age at the time of her marriage to Muḥammad as well as …

Cite this page
Bahramian, Ali, Translated by Matthew Melvin-Koushki and Ahmad Pakatchi, “ʿĀʾisha”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0235>
First published online: 2015

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