(7,929 words)

ʿĀʾisha (d. 58/678), one of the most prominent of Muḥammad’s wives and daughter of the first caliph Abū Bakr (q.v.).

Part 1: Biography

Her mother was Umm Rūmān (Ibn Saʿd, 8/276), her given name being either Zaynab or Daʿd (see Ibn Hishām, 3/343; Ibn Ḥajar, 8/128, 161, 391), from the Banū Kināna (Ibn Saʿd, 8/58; Ibn Ḥabīb, al-Muḥabbar, 80; for differences of opinion as to her ancestry, see al-Mizzī, 35/358).

Based on the accounts of ʿĀʾisha’s age at the time of her marriage to Muḥammad as …

Cite this page
Bahramian, Ali, Melvin-Koushki, Matthew and Pakatchi, Ahmad, “ʿĀʾisha”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0235>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 978-90-04-16860-2, 20080710, 978-90-04-17859-5, 20091123, 9789004191655, 20110912

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