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Al-Abṭaḥ (al-Muḥaṣṣab) is an area about 6 km from Mecca on the road to Medina. It lies between Mount al-Ḥajūn and Baṭn al-Wādī on one side, and the al-Salsabīl mosque on the other (al-Azraqī, 2/129). According to Abū ʿUbayd al-Bakrī (1/257), al-Abṭaḥ is a region north of Mecca, which is completely inundated whenever there is a flash flood, and is where the Banū Kināna lived (al-Azraqī, 2/130).


This region is called al-Abṭaḥ (flat, level), because it is level land or a flood plain. In historical an…

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Rafi`i, Ali and Translated by Hassan Lahouti, “Al-Abṭaḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 25 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0031>
First published online: 2015

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